Freitag, 7. Juni 2013
Wie Behörden Menschenhandelsopfer behandeln
Gerade für illegal Anwesende Sexarbeiter/innen aus Drittstaaten ist die Polizei eine Bedrohung, da sie abgeschoben werden könnten. Einige von ihnen haben vielleicht schon traumatisierende Razzien erlebt. Wenn diese Frauen nun Opfer von Ausbeutung werden, werden sie sich nicht an die Polizei wenden. Im Gegensatz zum propagierten Klischee wollen viele migrantische Sexarbeiterinnen, welche Gewalt erfahren haben, nicht in ihr Heimatland zurück. Die wenigsten Betroffenen sind wie im Film verschleppt worden, viele kommen im Wissen um ihre Tätigkeit hierher und erleben im Anschluss darauf Ausbeutung. Die Behörden haben für sie als "Rettung" aber nur Abschiebung und Re-Traumatisierung bereit.
Hier ein Ausschnitt des Artikels:
So, where is the real problem?
DER SPIEGEL’s greatest omissions are victim protection and victims’ rights when it comes to human trafficking. A narrow focus on the prostitution law and sex work prevents the authors from dwelling into the more complex web of legal regulations that make the prosecution of cases of human trafficking difficult in Germany.
First, human trafficking cases are dependent upon the testimony of victims. If they are for some reason unwilling to cooperate with the police and do not wish to testify, their cases will most likely fall apart. Furthermore, psychological support for victims of human trafficking is very limited. In many cases police officers and investigators expect linear and consistent narratives from victims from the very beginning, and utterly fail taking into account any traumas they may have endured just moments before. Victims are therefore not only forced to narrate their experiences over and over again, while their traumas are well and alive, but will also have their credibility judged and refuted as potential witnesses, if for some reason their stories show inconsistencies.
Before we talk about the prostitution law, let’s talk about how (potential) victims of human trafficking are treated once encountered by the police, and let’s talk about how those practices may in fact reduce to a minimum the willingness to testify.
Second, most victims of human trafficking who are third country nationals or from Romania or Bulgaria are repatriated to their home countries after their testimony. If they do not testify or cooperate with the authorities at all, they will be deported immediately after a reflection period of three months. Many decry the unwillingness of victims to testify as one central reason for the failure of trafficking prosecution. So far, however, little has been done to encourage testimony and cooperation by strengthening victims’ rights. What DER SPIEGEL fails to understand is that a reform of the prostitution law would have no impact on this aspect whatsoever. By focusing on the victims, the authors risk tapping into a dangerous rhetoric of victim blaming, and thus miss how not the prostitution law but the German immigration law actually contributes to much of the vulnerability of migrant women who are victimized. Germany should rather look towards Italy, where victims of human trafficking are unconditionally granted a residency permit and can begin re-building their lives."